Biographies are developed by PHC volunteers and staff from original research and from various published sources. This list is constantly being updated. Corrections and additional materials, such as photos or drawings will be made from time to time. There also is a missionary biographical listing being prepared for this web site. Eventually, there will be a master alphabetic combined index of ministers and missionaries to aid in searches. Thanks for your patience. Please email additional information or pictures to the PHC.
Biographical Index of Missionaries China (alphabetic listings to come)
Presbyterian Church U.S. Missionaries to China 1900 - 1920
Sources for information regarding mission personnel is given in italics. Major sources are the following:
- Arnold, Frank L., Long Road to Obsolescence: A North American Mission to Brazil. (Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2008)
- Brown, Arthur Judson, One Hundred Years. (New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1936)
- Brown, George Thompson, Earthern Vessels & Transcendent Power: American Presbyterians in China, 1837-1952. (Maryknoll, NY.: Orbis Books, 1997)
- Cogswell, James A., No Turning Back: A History of American Presbyterian Involvement in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1833-2000. (Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2007)
- Latourette, Kenneth Scott, A History of the Expansion of Christianity, Vol. V- VI. (New York, London: Harper & Brothers, 1944)
- Moffett, Samuel Hugh, A History of Christianity in Asia, Vol. II: 1500-1900. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2003)
- Nevin, Alfred, Encyclopedia of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America. 1884.
- Presbyterian Church U.S.A. General Assembly Minutes, 1789-1861, various volumes.
- Scott, Rev. E.C., Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U.S., 1861-1941.
- Sweet, William Warren, The Story of Religion in America (New York & London, Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1939)
- Thompson, Ernest Trice, Presbyterians in the South, Volume One, 1607-1861. (Richmond, VA: John Knox Press, 1963)
Presbyterian Church U.S. Missionaries to China 1900 - 1920
Following the pioneer missionary work of Scottish Presbyterian missionary Robert Morrison, begun in 1807, and the arrival of the first American missionary, Rev. Elijah Coleman Bridgman in 1830, plans for American Presbyterian missionary work in China began in 1837. The first missionary appointees “were instructed to visit different points in the eastern archipelago and on the continent for the purpose of acquiring the most definite information for the best location of the mission.” A.J. Brown, 274. There were more than 1700 Presbyterian missionaries to China and Taiwan over the decades, including ministers, teachers and medical personnel. We will be making this large list sorted by alphabetic pages during 2011. Additions and corrections being made on on-going basis.
CARMICHAEL, Miss Janet
( - )
Served in nursing in Soochow 1901-1904.
SMITH, Rev. Hart Maxcy & Mrs. Margaret J. Jones Smith
(Oct. 23, 1873 - Feb. 18, 1948) & (Dec. 25, 1876 - )
Served in administration and evangelism in Sinchiang and Shanghai, he 1901-1943, she 1905-1943. He was born in Pendleton, SC, Oct. 23, 1873. Graduated Hampden-Sydney College 1894; taught at Wapanucka Institute in Oklahoma 1894-1897; graduated Columbia Seminary 1900. Licensed by Enoree Presbytery April 1899, ordained April 1900. Though appointed as missionary to China, because of Boxer Rebellion was not sent out until 1901. Served as stated supply at Aimwell and Longtown churches in Bethel Presbytery 1900-1901. Began service in China 1901. Married Margaret Jones (who had come to China under the PCUSA Board in 1901) on Feb. 21, 1905 in Hangchow. (She was born in Teaswater, Canada, on Dec. 25, 1876. When she was quite young, her parents moved to Kennesaw, Nebraska. She graduated from Hastings College, Nebraska.) They served in Sinchiang and Soochow, and in the Associated Mission Treasuries in Shanghai. On March 3, 1943, they were interned by the Japanese until Dec. 1943. They returned to America, settling in Asheville, NC, where he died Feb. 18, 1948. Scott (1941), 660; (1951),629. Price, 64f., 70.
RODDE, Miss Florence Smith
( - 1918)
Served in women’s work in Hangchow 1902 until her marriage in 1906 to Rev. Harry Castle of the Church Missionary Society. She died in 1918. Price, 169.
ALDERMAN, Miss Flora S., R.N.
( - May 22, 1904)
Served in nursing at the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow for less than one year, Jan. 1, 1904 until her death May 22, 1904. Her students at the hospital erected a monument in her memory in the hospital lot. She and Agnes Violet Innes were the first two registered nurses to be appointed by the PCUS. Both died within months of their arrival. Crane, 7, 37, 461. Price, 169.
GRAFTON, Rev. Thomas Buie
(July 20, 1878 - Nov. 29, 1963)
Reverend Thomas Buie Grafton (shown at right) served as evangelistic missionary in Suchow 1904 - 1915, and in Haichow 1915-1929. He was born in Union Church, Mississippi, on July 20, 1878. He graduated Southwestern Presbyterian University 1901, Louisville Seminary 1904. Licensed in 1903 and ordained in 1904 by Mississippi Presbytery. Served in Negro work in Louisville, and as student pastor and evangelist in coal mining area of Bevier KY 1903-1904. Married his first wife Letty Hart Taylor in Louisville, KY, on Sept. 22, 1903; she served 1904 until her death in Haichow on Feb. 13, 1925. In 1907 they took charge of an orphanage in Suchow for children left homeless by the famine in North Jiangsu Province. In 1924 when banditry was rampant, the local warlord provided Grafton with an escort of heavily armed soldiers on his country trips. He married his second wife Mary Barclay Woods in Shanghai on June 7, 1925; she served 1923-1929. (She was born in Shanghai Sept. 13, 1893, the daughter of China missionaries Dr. and Mrs. Edgar Woods. Graduated Randolph-Macon College in 1918. After a year of business training, she entered Assembly’s Training School for two years. She taught in schools in Charlottesville and in a Negro Mission in Richmond. Appointed in 1920, she sailed for China on Aug. 7, 1923.) Returning to U.S. in 1929, he served as pastor in Vicksburg, Mississippi 1930-1939. He was elected moderator of the Synod of Mississippi in 1929. Honorably retired in 1943, he died Nov. 29, 1963. G.T. Brown, 181, 193. Scott (1941), 259; (1967), 208. Price, 65f., 155, 174.
McFADYEN, Archibald Alexander, M.D.
(April 17, 1877 - 1946)
Archibald A. McFayden, MD, served as medical missionary in Suchow 1904-1942. His first wife Catherine Williams served as evangelistic missionary 1905 until her death in 1914. His second wife Helen Murr Howard, R.N. served in nursing in Soochow and Suchow 1914-1949. He was born in Raeford, NC, on April 17, 1877. He graduated from Davidson College in 1899 and from North Carolina Medical College in 1903. After engaging in private practice in Duke, NC, he arrived in Suchow in December 1904. He and his first wife, Catherine Williams of Linden, NC, were married in Shanghai on Jan. 1, 1906. During the revolution of 1913, she developed kala-azar and died January 17, 1914. On June 1, 1916, Dr. McFadyen married Helen Howard of Morganton, NC, at Suchow. (She was born in Morganton, NC Dec. 22, 1886. Studied at North Carolina College for Women in Greensboro, and took nurses’ training at Mission Hospital, Asheville, NC completing course in 1912. She came to China in 1914 and was assigned to Elizabeth Blake Hospital, Soochow.) He gave 35 years of service to the Suchow Men’s Hospital. He often accompanied evangelistic missionaries on their trips into remote rural areas. He also served on the board of directors of the Cheloo University College of Medicine. In addition to raising a family, Helen McFadyen took charge of the male and female nurses in the Men’s Hospital. During the period of Japanese aggression, mission compounds became safe havens for thousands of Chinese refugees. The McFadyens, along with Dr. Nettie Grier, protected some 2500 refugees, mostly women and children, while Chinese leaders fed them. Dr. and Mrs. McFadyen returned to the U.S. in July 1942 in the Japanese prisoner-of-war exchange. After Dr. McFadyen’s death in 1946, Helen McFadyen returned to Suchow to serve briefly during the post-World War II period. G.T. Brown, 139, 275. Crane, 61-64, 457, 464. Price, 66, 100, 171.
MOFFETT, Rev. Dr. Lacy Irwine & Mrs. Kate Hall Rodd Moffett
(Feb. 10, 1878 - Dec. 2, 1957) & (Jan. 8, 1882 - September 30, 1961)
Rev. Dr. Lacy I. Moffett (right) served as evangelistic missionaries in Soochow 1904-1908 and Jiangyin 1908-1940. He was born in Churchville, VA, on Feb. 10, 1878. He attended Westminster College, MO, 1895-1897 (which later awarded him a D.D.), graduated Central University of Kentucky 1898; attended Louisville Seminary 1898-1900, graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1902. Licensed and ordained in 1902 by Transylvania Presbytery. Participated in the “Forward Movement” for foreign missions 1902-1904. Married Kate Hall Rodd (middle right, c. 1925) in New Orleans, LA, on Nov. 17, 1904. (She was born in New Orleans, LA, on Jan. 8, 1882. Three of her five sisters became missionaries, two of them serving in China. Shown at far right circa 1904, she attended Sophie Newcomb College in New Orleans.) Appointed to China in 1904, they served in Soochow (1904-1908), taking the place of Dr. J.W. Davis, who had been called to Nanking Theological Seminary; and then Jiangyin (1908-1940), where he was engaged in outstation evangelistic work. In 1925 Moffett, along with Lacy Little and George Worth, intervened in the civil war between northern and southern forces to save the city of Jiangyin from bombardment and looting. Returning to America in 1940, he served as temporary supply at First Church, Lynchburg, VA 1942-1945; First Church, St. Joseph, MO 1946; stated supply Banner Elk, NC, 1946-1950. Honorably retired in 1950, he died Dec. 2, 1957. Dr. Moffett had five sisters in missionary service in China. G.T. Brown, 167, 195. Scott (1941), 507; (1951), 483; (1967), 389. Price, 67f.
SHIELDS, Randolph Tucker, M.D. & Mrs. Ella Randolph Page Shields
(Dec. 7, 1877 - June 9, 1958) & (Sept. 1, 1878 - Nov. 29, 1980)
Randolph T. Shields, MD, (right) served as medical and evangelistic missionaries in Nanking and Tsinan. He served during 1904-1942, and his wife, Ella R. P. Shields (far right) served during 1904-1941. He was born near Natchez, Miss., Dec. 7, 1877. He was a graduate of Washington and Lee University in 1898 and of the University College of Medicine in Richmond, Virginia in 1901. Two years were spent in New York hospitals. He returned to practice medicine in Natchez in 1903, but offered himself for mission service and was appointed to the Mid-China Mission in 1904. He married Ella Randolph Page of Winchester, VA in December 1904. (She was born in Winchester, VA Sept. 1, 1878.) They sailed for China in that month. They were assigned to Tunghsiang Station, where they lived for three years. They were then assigned to Soochow, where he taught medical students in Elizabeth Blake Hospital. After one year, he was transferred to the Union Medical School, Nanking, where he was a leading spirit in the founding of the Nanjing University Medical College in 1909, served as its dean, and taught anatomy, embryology, and histology until 1917. He also practiced obstetrics in the Drum Tower Hospital. He moved with the medical school to Tsinan in 1917, helping to establish the College of Medicine at Shantung Christian University, a union of five medical colleges, which was thoroughly international and interdenominational. Here they spent the balance of their missionary career. He was dean of the College of Medicine from 1926 to 1935. He also took a leadership role in the university, temporarily filling positions in the administration: Dean of the Department of Arts and Science in 1919, vice president 1928-1930, acting president in 1929 and again in 1937-1938. In 1937 Dr. Shields and Dr. Price stayed behind to keep the university hospital functioning under Japanese rule. He was elected the first foreign vice president of the Chinese Medical Association. He translated several medical texts into Chinese. He was recognized as one of the foremost medical educators of China. Dr. and Mrs. Shields were repatriated to the U.S. in the July 1942 prisoner exchange. G.T. Brown, 198, 235. Crane, 48, 78-83, 459. Price, 69f.
STUART, Rev. Dr. John Leighton & Mrs. Aline Hardy Rodd Stuart
(1876 - 1962)
Served in theological education in Hangchow, Nanking and Peking, he 1904-1948, she 1904 until her death in 1925. Born in Hangchow, China June 24, 1876 of Southern Presbyterian missionary parents John Linton Stuart and Mary Louisa Horton Stewart, he spoke fluent Mandarin. He graduated Hampden-Sydney College in 1896 (which later awarded him a D.D. degree) and Union Seminary in Virginia 1902. He was licensed and ordained by East Hanover Presbytery in May 1902. He represented the “Forward Movement” of the PCUS/ECFM 1902-1904 to secure support for new missionaries. He and Aline Rodd were married on Nov. 17, 1904 in New Orleans, LA. Returning to China in 1904, he served in Hangchow, where he took up country evangelism in the field opened by his parents, Dr. and Mrs. John L. Stuart. In 1914 he was called to the faculty of the new Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Nanking and introduced the teaching of Greek. In 1918 he was elected president of Yenching University in Peking, a union of four denominational colleges founded in the preceding century by American Methodists, Congregationalists, and Presbyterians, and by English Congregationalists. He gave the university inspired leadership for the next 30 years, using Chinese architectural traditions adapted to the type of education demanded by the new China; it was considered the most influential Christian University in China. In 1919 during the May Fourth Movement protesting China’s concessions in the Versailles treaty, Stuart sided with the protesting students who became a new political force. During the Japanese occupation of China, Stuart kept Yenching University open “as a little oasis of freedom.” In the 1920s, as the fundamentalist-modernist controversy was raging in the U.S., Stuart was charged with modernism. He was examined by his home presbytery East Hanover, which gave him a unanimous vote of confidence. He was decorated with the 3rd Class Order of “Chia Ho” (golden grain) by the Chinese government. He was awarded a Doctor of Literature degree by Princeton University in 1930 and by Austin College in 1950. During the 2nd World War, Stuart was confined to a residence in Peking for 3 years and 8 months. In July 1946, Stuart was appointed the last American ambassador to the newly restored nationalist Chinese government on the mainland. He remained in Nanking until after the Communists had taken the city and then returned to the United States in 1948. He died Sept. 19, 1962. He was the author of Essentials of New Testament Greek (in Chinese), A Greek-Chinese-English Dictionary of the New Testament, A Commentary on the Apocalypse (in Chinese), and Lectures on Modern Missions. G.T. Brown, 7, 167, 184, 208, 244, 260, 277, 287, 320, 387, 399. Scott (1941), 693; (1951), 659; (1967), 538. Latourette, Vol. V, 380, 430. Thompson, Vol. III, 320, 430. Price, 67, 175. Autobiography Fifty Years in China: The Memoirs of John Leighton Stuart, Missionary and Ambassador (New York: Random House, 1954). Yu-Ming Shaw, An American Missionary in China: John Leighton Stuart and Chinese-American Relations. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992).
INNES, Miss Agnes Violet, R.N.
Served in nursing at the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow 1905 until her death in1906. She came to China Sept. 19, 1905 to take the place left vacant by the death of Miss Alderman. She died within months of her arrival on July 1, 1906. She was buried beside Miss Alderman on the hospital grounds. Crane, 37, 463. Price, 170.
JOUROLMON, Miss Rida
Served as evangelistic missionary in Jiangyin 1905-1927. She was born in Knoxville, TN. Educated in Knoxville schools, she taught school for 14 years. She came to China in 1901 for her health, accompanying a friend returning to China. Having made herself efficient in the work of the Jiangyin Station, the station requested her appointment as a regular missionary. The appointment came in 1904, four years after she had been in China. She engaged in country work for women. She retired from active work in 1927. Price, 70f.
MORGAN, Lorenzo Seymour, M.D. & Mrs. Ruth Bennett Morgan, M.D.
(Aug. 15, 1875 - ) & ( - )
Served as medical missionaries in Tsing-kiang-pu and Haichow 1905-1934. He was born near Galva, IL Aug. 15, 1875; attended Knox College, Galesburg, IL. She was born in Morton, IL Sept. 20, 1877; graduated University of Illinois in 1899. They both graduated at the John Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1904, married on June 29, 1904, and arrived in China in January 1905. After working and studying the language in Hyaiyin (Tsing-kiang-pu), they were assigned in 1908 to open the medical work in Haichow. They began with a small clinic in rented rooms. With the beginning of medical work, a marked change was observed in the attitude of the people. In 1914 the Ellen Lavine Graham Hospital, a ninety-bed facility, was built outside the west gate of the city. In 1918 the Morgans’ help was enlisted to stamp out an epidemic of pneumonic plague in Shansi Province. G.T. Brown, 182. Crane, 65, 458. Price, 68f.
TALBOT, Rev. Addison Alexander & Katherine Gay Bird Talbot & Cassie Lee Oliver Talbot, R.N.
(Dec. 2, 1877 - Feb. 5, 1947) & (Nov. 4, 1880 - Sept. 1, 1937) & ( - )
Rev. Addison A. Talbot (at right) served as evangelistic missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu 1905-1944. His first wife, Katherine Gay Bird (middle right) served 1905 until her death in 1937. His second wife, Cassie Lee Oliver, R.N. (far right) served 1923 -1948. He was born in Jackson, Mississippi Dec. 2, 1877. Attended Central University of Kentucky, graduated Centre College 1902, Louisville Seminary 1905. Licensed and ordained by Western Lexington Presbytery May 10, 1905. While in seminary, he worked for several summers in the mountains of Kentucky under Dr. E.O. Guerrant. Married Katherine Bird in Shelbyville KY Sept. 1905. (She was born near Shelbyville, KY, Nov. 4, 1880. She died Sept. 1, 1937). They sailed for China Nov. 6, 1905, and were assigned to Tsing-Kiang-Pu Station. He engaged principally in country evangelistic work, though at times he had charge of the Boys’ School and the Orphanage. He married Cassie Lee Oliver in Tsing Kiang Pu May 10, 1939. (Cassie was born in Lowndesville, SC; her parents died when she was very young. In 1909 she graduated from Thornwell Orphanage. She taught in Thornwell for a year and then entered Grady Hospital Training School for Nurses at Atlanta. She returned to Thornwell Orphanage to take charge of the infirmary, and made her home with Dr. Jacobs, founder of Thornwell Orphanage and the only father she had ever known. After experience as Acting Superintendent of Petersburg Hospital, Petersburg, VA and Supervisor of Dooley Hospital for Crippled Children, Richmond VA, she volunteered for mission service in 1922. After language study, she went to her station at Tsing-kiang-pu.) Cassie Lee Oliver Talbot was the primary nurse at the TKP Hospital, serving there for 20 years along with Drs. Edgar Woods and L. Nelson Bell. She and Addison left China in August 1942 after a brief incarceration by the Japanese. They were repatriated in a prisoner exchange and were returned home to the USA aboard the SS Gripsholm. Rev. Talbot died in Ft. Meade, FL Feb. 5, 1947. Mrs. Talbot returned to the TKP Hospital in 1947. However, she had to return to the USA as a refugee from war in 1948. Subsequently she served into her 80s as principal manager of the Baby Cottage at Thornwell Home in Clinton, SC. Scott (1941), 701; (1951), 666. Crane, 53, 57-58, 465. Price, 71f., 144f.
DUBOSE, Rev. Palmer Clisby & Mrs. Elizabeth Capers Zemp DuBose
(Oct. 31, 1880 - Dec. 17, 1939) & (Aug. 20, 1884 - )
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Soochow 1906-1931. He was born in Shanghai, China, Oct. 31, 1880, the son of PCUS missionaries Rev. & Mrs. Hampden Coit DuBose. Graduated Davidson College 1902, taught in Liberty SC 1902-1903, graduated Columbia Seminary 1905. Licensed and ordained by Charleston Presbytery May 11, 1905. Married Elizabeth Zemp of Camden, SC Jan. 4, 1906. (She was born in Camden, SC Aug. 20, 1884. Graduated from Columbia Methodist College, Columbia, SC. ) They arrived in China Feb. 22, 1906. They served in Soochow 1906-1931, where he carried responsibility for a large country field as well as for city work. They returned to US in 1931 for health reasons. He died in Camden, SC, on Dec. 17, 1939. Scott, 196. Price, 73.
STUART, Rev. Warren Horton, D.D., Ph.D. & Mrs. Annie Pauline Chesnut Stuart
(Dec. 8, 1879 - Dec. 12, 1961) & (
Served in higher education in Hangchow and Nanking, he 1906-1927, she 1907-1927. He was born in Ningpo, China, on Dec. 8, 1879, the son of Rev. & Mrs. John Linton Stuart, PCUS missionaries. Graduated University of Virginia 1900. Taught at Pantops Academy 1901-1902. Graduated Union Theological Seminary Virginia in 1905. Instructor at Union Seminary 1905-1906. Licensed May 1905, ordained Nov. 1906 by East Hanover Presbytery. He did advanced studies at Teacher’s College, Columbia University, Union Seminary in New York, and Biblical Seminary in New York 1922-1923; and earned a Ph.D. at Yale University 1930-1932. In 1920 he received the D.D. degree from Hampden-Sydney College and from Southwestern University, Clarksville, TN. Married Annie Chesnut Nov. 18, 1908. (She was born in Goldsboro, NC July 8, 1884. Graduated North Carolina College for Women at Greensboro. Appointed as missionary July 1906 and sailed for China Oct. 1907.) They served in evangelistic work in Hangchow 1906-1910, where he became professor of religion at Hangchow College 1910-1922, and president 1916-1922. Mrs. Stuart taught English in Hangchow College 1918-1922. In 1924 he became professor of Old Testament at Nanking Theological Seminary until 1927. Mrs. Stuart taught English in the Seminary. In 1926, his support was transferred to the Northern Presbyterian Mission Board. Returning to the U.S., he became professor of Bible and Religious Education at the Assembly Training School in Richmond, VA 1927-1928; professor of Bible at Flora Macdonald College 1928-1930; professor of Bible and History at Davis & Elkins College 1932-1934; professor of Bible and Religious Education at Emporia College 1934-1938; pastor of Springfield Church, Sykesville, Maryland 1939-1943. Was in US Government Service after 1943. He died Dec. 12, 1961. He was the author of Use of Material from China’s Spiritual Inheritance in Christian Education of Chinese Youth, published in 1933. Scott (1941), 694; (1951), 659; (1967), 539. Price, 75f., 78.
HALL, Miss Jessie Dalziel
Served as evangelistic missionary in Tsing-Kiang-Pu 1907-1948. She was born in Wilmington, NC Dec. 5, 1881. Graduated Wellesley College, Boston, Mass. 1905. Sailed for China Sept. 13, 1907. She worked among women and girls in the Tsingkiangpu field. Price, 77f.
HANCOCK, Rev. Charles Frederick & Mary Louise Penick
(Nov. 3, 1877 - Sept. 29, 1954) & (May 9, 1880 - )
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Yencheng 1907-1922. He was born in Jacksonville, Arkansas, on Nov. 3, 1877. Graduated Arkansas College 1901, Austin Seminary and University of Texas 1905, Princeton Seminary 1906. Also studied at Princeton University (1905-1906) and Columbia University (1918). Licensed by Durant Presbytery Sept. 22, 1905, he served as stated supply at Madill & Marietta, Oklahoma in 1905. Ordained by Meridian Presbytery Oct. 2, 1906, he served as stated supply at Lockhart, TX in 1906. He married Mary Penick in Austin, TX Sept. 20, 1906. (She was born in Mooresville, NC May 9, 1880; educated at the University of Texas.) They served in Yencheng, China 1907-1922. Returning to the U.S. in 1922, he served as stated supply in Montreat, NC 1922-1923; Austin, TX 1923; Beal Heights Church, Lawton, OK, 1924; student pastor A&M College of Texas, 1924-1925; stated supply First Church, Wichita Falls 1925; Austin, TX 1925-1926; First Church, Weatherford, OK 1926-1930; presbyterial evangelist for Paris Presbytery 1930-1935; occasional supply in Longview, TX 1935-1937 and Austin, TX 1938-1940; pastor of Federated Church, Ralston, OK, 1940-1943; pastor in Hallsville, TX 1943-1953. He was moderator of the Synod of Oklahoma in 1922. Honorably retired Sept. 1, 1953, he died Sept. 29, 1954. Scott(1941), 286; (1951), 276; (1967), 226. Price,76.
MOFFETT, Miss Carrie Lena
Served as educational missionary in Soochow and Jiangyin 1907-1941. She was born near Winchester, VA Aug. 9, 1882, one of six children serving in China. Graduated Bellewood Seminary at Anchorage, KY in 1897. She sailed for China with Dr. and Mrs. John L. Stuart on Feb. 5, 1907, landing in Shanghai Mar. 5. She was assigned to Soochow to work with Miss S.E. Fleming in the Girls’ School. In Jan., 1911, she was transferred to Jiangyin to teach in the Girls’ School and the Woman’s Bible School, both schools being under the care of Mrs. Ella D. Little. When Mrs. Little went home on furlough in April, 1913, Miss Moffett was put in full charge. Price, 77.
STUART, David Todd, M.D.
( - Nov. 6, 1909)
Son of PCUS missionaries Rev. and Mrs. J.L. Stuart, he served as a medical missionary at the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow 1907 until his death on Nov. 6, 1909. Price, 170.
VINSON, Rev. John Walker & Mrs. Jeanie DeForest Junkin Vinson
(Dec. 28, 1880 - Oct. 1931) & ( - )
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Suqian and Haichow , he 1907 until his death in 1931, she 1904 until her death March 25, 1923. He was born in Winnsboro, SC Dec. 28, 1880. Graduated Austin College 1903, Austin Seminary, 1906. Licensed and ordained by Dallas Presbytery in April 1906. Married Jeanie Junkin in Haichow, China Apr. 30, 1908. They served in Suqian 1907-1909. In 1910 they joined Rev. & Mrs. A.D. Rice and Dr. & Mrs. L.S. Morgan in opening the mission station at Haichow. In 1921, Mr. Vinson became principal of the Chung Djeng Middle School for Boys. In October 1931, he was visiting a village church some 18 miles away from the mission station when the area was overwhelmed by a band of 600 bandits. Vinson was taken hostage along with about 150 others. Vinson was offered his freedom if he would write a letter to the commanding officer of government troops telling them to withdraw. Vinson declined unless all the hostages were released. The bandit chief refused and Vinson was shot and killed instantly. His decapitated body was found by Rev. Edward Currie, and he was buried in the small missionary cemetery in Haichow. Rev. E.H. Hamilton later penned a poem in memory of the martyr’s death, “Afraid? Of What?” G.T. Brown, 182, 257. Scott, 736. Price, 76f., 174.
WOODS, Miss Josephine Underwood
(Nov. 18, 1886 - )
Served in women’s work in Hwaian 1907-1947. The daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Henry M. Woods, Miss Woods was born in Chinkiang, China, on Nov. 18, 1886. She graduated Mary Baldwin Seminary in 1906, and sailed for China in company with Miss E.B. French, arriving at Hwaian Station on New Year’s Day 1907. With a knowledge of the language from childhood, Miss Woods quickly engaged in numerous kinds of work – city work for women, dispensary and clinic work, famine relief, school work, and country itineration. Price, 73f.
ALBAUGH, Miss Ida McKay, R.N.
Served in nursing in Jiangyin 1908-1919. She was a graduate of Wesley Hospital, Chicago. She started the nursing school in Jiangyin and was instrumental in founding the Chinese Nursing Association, which set standards, administered examination for R.N. certification, and gave accreditation to Chinese nursing schools. On June 12, 1919 she married Mr. John Robert Vousden of England. Crane, 42, 461. Price, 160.
ARMSTRONG, Rev. Oscar Vance, D.D. & Lena Stutzman Armstrong & Helen Skilling Armstrong
(Jan. 29, 1876 - Oct. 8, 1941) & ( - Nov. 21, 1929) & ( - )
Served as educational missionary in Zhenjiang and Suchow 1908-1933. His first wife Lena Stutzman served 1908 until her death Nov. 21, 1929. His second wife Helen Skilling served 1932-1933. He was born in Millcreek, WVa, on Jan. 29, 1876. Studied at West Virginia University 1898-1899, graduated Washington & Lee University 1905, Princeton Seminary 1908. Did post-graduate work at Princeton University 1906-1907, and Columbia University Teachers College 1920-1921. Licensed and ordained by Lexington Presbytery in 1908. Appointed to China in 1907, he married Lena Stutzman in Shelbyville, WVa Sept. 22, 1908. (She was born in West Virginia in 1879; graduated from West Virginia Wesleyan College.) They arrived in China in December 1908. In 1914 he built the large West Gate Church in Suchow. Later the death of Mr. Grier made it necessary for Armstrong to take over the Boys’ High School, in addition to his evangelistic work. After service in China 1908-1933, he served as pastor in Sebring, FL 1934-1935; stated supply in Saluda, NC 1935-1938; pastor of Brittain & Union Mills churches, in Kings Mountain Presbytery, 1938-1941. They retired in Montreat, NC where he died Oct. 8, 1941. G.T. Brown, 194, 307. Scott (1941), 20. Price, 82f.
CORRIHER, Miss Elizabeth, R.N.
(Nov. 18, 1878 - )
Served in nursing in Jiaxing and Soochow 1908 until evacuated in 1927. She was born in Rowan County, NC, on Nov. 18, 1878. She took nurse’s training at Norfolk Protestant Hospital. She was superintendent of the hospital in Gassaway, VA. In 1906, she had the distinction of having taken the first examination for nurses given in the state of Virginia. She sailed for China Nov. 10, 1908. After brief service in Soochow and Tunghsiang, she was transferred to Kashing. She established a strong nursing program at Jiaxing Hospital and founded the Nurses’ Training School, which was accredited in 1918 by the Chinese Nurses’ Association. Crane, 44, 462. Price, 80f.
HUTCHESON, Allen Carrington, M.D. & Mrs. Straussie McCaslin Hutcheson
(Jan. 23, 1882 - )
Served as medical missionaries in Jiaxing and Nanking 1908 until evacuated in 1927. He was born in Houston, Texas, on Jan. 23, 1882, one of three brothers to serve in China. Graduated from the University of Virginia in 1901, and from Columbia University School of Medicine in 1905. Married Miss Straussie McCaslin on Aug. 24, 1908. (She was born in Bethlehem, Indiana. Studied at University of Missouri and Boston Normal School of Gymnastics.) They arrived in China Oct. 30, 1908. A surgeon, he joined Dr. Venable at the Jiaxing Hospital in 1908 until asked in 1917 to take charge of the surgical department of the Nanjing University (Drum Tower) Hospital, where he became Superintendent in 1920. He was editor of the China Medical Journal (1913-1915). In 1920 Dr. Hutcheson became a fellow of the American College of Surgeons. They returned to the US. in 1927, where Dr. Hutcheson took up medical work in Houston, Texas. Crane, 44, 48, 457. Price, 80.
McCUTCHAN, Rev. James Trimble & Mrs. Mary Emeline Wilson McCutchan
(Jan. 15, 1882 - April 2, 1963)
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Taichow 1908-1910. He was born in Monticello, VA Jan. 15, 1882. He was one of four siblings of whom three went as missionaries to China. Graduated Westminster College 1905, Louisville Seminary 1908. Licensed by Louisville Presbytery May 9, 1907, ordained by Muhlenburg Presbytery Aug. 17, 1908. Married Mary Wilson in Milan, MO Oct. 6, 1908. After serving in China 1908-1910, they were compelled to return to the U.S. because of her serious illness. He served as stated supply in Florida, MO 1910-1920; Associate Pastor at Second Church, Charlotte, NC 1920-1923; pastor at Warm Springs, VA 1923-1952. He served as stated clerk of Palmyra Presbytery 1919-1921. Honorably retired in 1952, he died Apr. 2, 1963. Scott (1941), 456; (1967), 356. Price, 161.
McCUTCHAN, Rev. Hugh Walker
(Jan. 20, 1886 - Feb. 21, 1968)
Served as educational missionary in Suqian 1908-1941. Born in Lewis County, MO, on Jan. 20, 1886; brother of James Trimble McCutchan. Graduated Westminster College 1907, B.A., University of Missouri, M.A. Sailed for China on Nov. 10, 1908, arriving at Suqian on Christmas morning. Was principal of Boys’ School in Suqian 1908-1941. School grew under his leadership, with 62 percent of its graduates engaged in Christian work. Graduated Louisville Seminary, 1932; was licensed and ordained by Missouri Presbytery, July 11, 1932. Evacuated from China at outbreak of World War II, he resided in Sante Fe, MO in 1941, then served as stated supply of Pattonville & Maryland Heights churches, MO 1942-1947; temporary supply of Methodist churches in Lancaster circuit, 1947-1949; superintendent of Children’s Home, Foster Falls, VA 1949-1954; administrator of Stuart Robinson School, Blackey KY 1954-1960. Honorably retired in 1960. Died Feb. 21, 1968. Scott (1941), 456; (1951), 434; (1967) 355; (1975), 407. Price, 81f.
MORTON, Miss Esther
Served as medical missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu and Soochow 1908-1910. A native of Belfast, Ireland, she went to China as a missionary of the China Inland Mission and in 1908 came into the PCUS Mission, laboring first at Tsing-kiang-pu and later at the Elizabeth Blake Hospital, Soochow. Price, 162.
SLOAN, Miss Gertrude Lee
(Feb. 1, 1881 - )
Served as educational missionary in Soochow 1908 until evacuated in 1929. She was born Feb. 1, 1881 in Caledonia, MO. Studied at Belleview Collegiate Institute in Caledonia and Synodical Female College, Fulton, MO. She came to China in Oct. 1907 as a volunteer worker; in March 1908 she became a member of the Mid-China Mission and was stationed at Soochow. She started a work among children, gathering them into Christian Endeavor and Sunday School. She had serious health problems which led to her frequent return to the U.S. for surgery and treatment. In 1927 she was put in charge of all the day school work. Price, 79.
VAN VALKENBURG, Rev. Horace Bulle & Mrs. Beulah Williams Van Valkenburg
Served as educational missionaries at the Boys’ High School in Jiaxing 1908-1913. Price, 164.
WILSON, Miss Annie Randolph V.
(Aug. 3, 1871 - )
Served as evangelistic missionary in Hangchow 1908-1941. She was born in Longview, TX Aug. 3, 1871. Studied at Union Seminary in Virginia, the first woman student at that institution. She was appointed as a missionary on April 9, 1907, to go to Hangchow Station to assist Miss Emma Boardman in her work. She did evangelistic work in Hangchow and the outlying country districts, working in every one of the outstations of the large Hangchow field. Price, 78f.
YATES, Rev. Orville Ford & Mrs. Ellen Peck Baskerville Yates
(Jan. 8, 1876 - Sept. 24, 1959) &
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Huaian 1908 until evacuated in 1940. He was born near Williamsburg, MO, on Jan. 8, 1876. Graduated Westminster College 1905, Louisville Seminary 1908. Licensed by Missouri Presbytery fall, 1908, ordained Nov. 3, 1908. In 1908 he joined Dr. Henry Woods at Huaian. He married Ellen Baskerville of Hampden-Sydney, VA on July 1, 1913 in Huaian. From 1913 to 1940, she operated the Huaian Clinic, which became an important link to modern medical care for that city. After returning on furlough in 1940, war prevented their return to China. Honorably retired in 1946, he died in Montreat, NC, on Sept. 24, 1959. G.T. Brown, 182. Scott (1941), 801; (1951), 760; (1967), 620. Crane, 54, 456. Price, 83f.
HAWKINS, Miss Irene Anna
( - June 9, 1927)
Served as educational missionary in Jiaxing 1909-1925. She was instrumental in establishing the Kashing School for Girls. Returning to the U.S. for health reasons in 1925, she died June 9, 1927. Price, 175.
ROE, Miss M. Dickson
Served as secretary in Jiaxing 1909-1911. She went to China in 1909 as Dr. Venable’s office secretary in the Kashing Hospital. Price, 163.
STEVENS, Rev. George Phifer & Mrs. Mary Perrin Thompson
(Dec. 9, 1879 - Jan. 15, 1946) & ( - Sept. 19, 1919)
He served as evangelistic and educational missionary in Sutsien, Suchow and Tenghsien 1909-1941. She served as educational missionary in Suchow and Tenghsien 1908 until her death in 1919. He was born in Monroe, NC, Dec. 9, 1879. Graduated University of North Carolina 1903; attended Princeton Seminary 1903-1904, graduated Louisville Seminary 1906. Licensed and ordained by Mecklenburg Presbytery in fall 1906, he served as pastor of a group of churches in Marshville, NC 1906-1908. Appointed to China in 1908, he served in Sutsien 1909-1910; Suchow 1910-1918. He married Mary Thompson in Atlanta GA July 12, 1912 (they had come to China on the same steamer in 1908). In 1918 the North Jiangsu Mission assigned Rev. & Mrs. Stevens to serve at the Mateer Memorial Institute for Christian workers at Tenghsien. Tragically Mrs. Stevens died in childbirth on Sept. 19, 1919 shortly after moving to the new location and Mr. Stevens took his two young children back to the US but returned later. In 1922 the North Jiangsu Mission assigned Stevens to teach at the newly formed North China Theological Seminary, where he served until 1929. He did evangelistic work in Tsingkiangpu, 1929-1930; and Yencheng 1931-1941. He was interned by the Japanese until Aug. 2, 1942. Returning to America, he made his home in Monroe, NC, 1942-1946, and died there Jan. 15, 1946. G.T. Brown, 197, 210. Scott (1941), 683; (1951), 649. Price, 83f., 173.
YATES, Ms. Ellen Baskerville, R.N.
Served in nursing in Tsiang-kiang-pu and Huaian 1909 until evacuated in 1941. From 1913 to 1940 she operated the clinic at Huaian which the Love and Mercy TKP Hospital physicians visited on a regular basis. It became an important link to modern medical care for the citizens of this city. Crane, 54, 466.
ALLISON, Rev. Andrew & Mrs. Ella Gates Ward
(June 19, 1879 - June 6, 1960)
Served as educational missionaries in Jiangyin 1910-1948. He was born in New Orleans, LA, June 19, 1879. Graduated Tulane University BS 1898, MA, 1900. Worked as bacteriological analyst in New Orleans, 1900-1901. Taught in Louisiana and Mississippi 1901-1910. He married Ella Ward in Ellisville, Miss. June 29, 1910. (She was born Nov. 9, 1884 in Ellisville, Miss. Graduated Judson College, Marion, AL.) They went as lay missionaries to China in 1910, where he was principal of James Sprunt Academy 1911-1935. He edited The Bible for China 1930-1934. Licensed and ordained by Meridian Presbytery in July 1935. In 1937 the Japanese air force subjected Jiangyin to an intense air bombardment in preparation for an attack on the city. The Allisons, along with Marion Wilcox and Katheryne Thompson, decided to evacuate the city and take refuge with 80 Chinese Christians on three houseboats some 15 miles out of the city. Here they established a refugee Christian community that remained intact for the next six months. Later they were offered an abandoned school building on the condition that they start a clinic, which they did with the help of a Chinese Christian doctor and Dr. Alex Moffett. A few days after the mission compound was evacuated, Japanese aircraft bombed and destroyed it. He was honorably retired in 1948, and they made their home in Ellisville, Miss., where he died June 6, 1960. G.T. Brown, 273. Scott, (1941) 10; (1951), 10; (1967), 10. Price, 87f.
BROWN, Rev. Francis Augustus & Mrs. Charlotte Thompson
(Dec. 4, 1876 - Feb. 1, 1967)
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Taichow and Suchow, he 1910-1949, she 1909-1949. He was born in Prince George County, VA, on Dec. 4, 1876. Graduated Hampden-Sydney College in 1901. Studied at Union Seminary in Virginia 1902-1904. Did postgraduate work at Biblical Seminary and Cornell University. Traveled as YMCA student secretary for VA 1903-1905; then as representative of the Forward Movement and Laymen’s Missionary Movement, 1907-1910. He was licensed as evangelist by Norfolk Presbytery in 1908, ordained in 1910. He was assigned to Taichow in 1910 but transferred to Suchow in 1911, where Charlotte Thompson was assigned. They were married in Suchow July 1, 1914. (She was born in South Carolina in 1878. She came to China with her older sister Mary Thompson in Sept. 1909.) He was engaged in country evangelistic work. His significant contribution was teaching the Bible in the Chinese Phonetic Script. After 40 years of missionary service, they retired in 1950. He died Feb. 1, 1967. G.T. Brown, 183, 384. Scott(1941), 83; (1951), 81; (1967), 68. Price, 84, 90.
DAVIS, Rev. Lowry & Mrs. Mary E. Barnett
(Sept. 19, 1881 - 1962)
Served as educational missionaries in Jiaxing 1910-1942. He was born in Abbeville County, SC, Sept. 19, 1881. Graduated Southwestern University 1902. Taught 1902-1905, during which time he worked with Dr. Guerrant in mountain mission. Graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1908. Licensed by East Hanover Presbytery in May 1908, ordained by Enoree Presbytery July 1908. Served as pastor of Palmer Church, Greenville, SC with six country and mill churches 1908-1909. He married Mary Barnett, Mills River, NC, October 1909. (She was born inb Mills River, NC Nov. 7, 1879. Graduated Presbyterian College for Women, Charlotte, NC in June 1900. Taught at Columbia Institute, Tennessee for two years.) They sailed for China Dec. 1, 1909. Assigned to Jiaxing in 1910, he served as evangelist and teacher at the Kashing High School, where he became principal in 1913. They served there until 1942, then lived in Honolulu 1942-1960, where he was honorably retired. He died Dec. 14, 1962. Scott (1941), 175; (1951), 168; (1967), 137. Price, 85f.
LACY, Miss Sallie McGavock
(April 3, 1865 - )
Served as evangelistic missionary in Tsiang-kiang-pu and Yencheng 1910-1923. She was born April 3, 1865, in Richmond, VA, the day of its surrender at the close of the Civil War. Appointed to China spring 1910, sailed on Sept. 13, 1910. Assigned to Tsing-kiang-pu. After two years, experienced the North Kiangsu famine and the 1911 Revolution, when the city of Tsiang-kiang-pu was sacked and missionaries fled to Shanghai. Returning to TKP in 1912, she was given charge of the home department of the boys’ orphanage. In 1916, took up evangelistic work in the TKP hospital, as well as city and outstations. In autumn 1920 she responded to an urgent call from Yencheng Station, to take charge of the Girls’ School there. Returning to TKP in 1921, she was given charge of the Girls’ School there. Resigned in 1923 because of health. Price, 88f.
LYNCH, Miss Rusella Elinore
(June 9, 1884 - )
Served in women’s work in Jiaxing 1910-1950. She was born in Springfield, MO, June 9, 1884. Studied at Fairfax Hall, Winchester, VA and Moody Bible Institute, Chicago. Sailed for China Dec. 28, 1909. Worked among women in the Kashing and Tunghsiang fields. Price, 85.
MALCOLM, William, M.D. & Mrs. Lyle Pringle Robinson
Served as medical missionaries in Huaian, he 1910-1913, she 1909-1913. He was a Canadian physician who served at the Tsing-kiang-pu Hospital until 1912, when he established a clinic in nearby Huaian. In 1913 he was asked to go to the Yencheng Hospital, where he served for one year before returning to his practice in the U.S. Crane, 54, 69, 457. Price, 162.
MOFFETT, Rev. Lyle Moore
(Oct. 25, 1882 - Feb. 15, 1962)
Served as evangelistic missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu 1910-1916. He was born in Augusta County, VA Oct. 25, 1882. Studied at VPI 1898-1900, graduated Washington and Lee University, 1904, Union Seminary in Virginia 1908. Licensed by Lexington Presbytery Spring 1908, ordained May 1909. Served as stated supply of Beulah and Stony Run churches in Lexington Presbytery 1908-1909. Appointed to North Kiangsu Mission where he served 1910-1916, resigning because of health. Served as stated supply of the McDowell Church in Lexington Presbytery 1916-1924, and pastor there 1943-1947. He married Edna Elizabeth Campbell, Churchville, VA, Oct. 18, 1938. Honorably retired in 1947, they made their home in Fishersville, VA, where he died Feb. 15, 1962. Scott(1941), 507; (1951), 483; (1967), 389. Price, 162.
RICHARDSON, Rev. Dr. Donald William & Mrs. Virginia McIlwaine
(June 13, 1879 - Jan. 4, 1966)
Served in theological education in Zhenjiang and Nanking 1910-1928. He was born in Blackstock, SC June 13, 1879. Graduated Davidson College 1902, studied with NC State Scholarship at Johns Hopkins University 1902-1903, at Princeton University 1904-1905, graduated Princeton Seminary 1906. Was Fellow in New Testament at Universities in Berlin and Marlborough, Germany. Licensed by Charleston Presbytery in 1906, ordained by Enoree Presbytery Oct. 17, 1907. Served as pastor of Mt. Tabor Church, Greer, SC 1907-1910. Married Virginia McIlwaine, Abbeville, SC, Aug. 5, 1908. (She was born in Abbeville, SC Apr. 25, 1885. Graduated Converse College, Spartanburg, SC, with teacher’s certificate and post-graduate work in piano.) Appointed to mission service in China in 1910, he served as principal of the Boys’ School in Zhenjiang 1910-1918; she taught English Bible and piano. In 1919 he was transferred to Nanking to serve as dean, professor of New Testament and treasurer at Nanking Theological Seminary 1919-1928. He received the D.D. degree from Davidson College in 1921. He became professor of missions and comparative religion at Union Seminary in Virginia in 1928, where he served until 1950, when he was named professor emeritus. He served as moderator of the Synod of Appalachia in 1939, and moderator of the General Assembly in 1943. He was the author of Introduction to the New Testament (in Chinese); The Church in China; The Revelation of Jesus Christ: An Interpretation. Honorably retired in 1954, he died Jan. 4, 1966. Scott (1941), 607; (1951), 578; (1967), 470. Thompson, Vol. III, 317-318, 320. Price, 92f.
STEPHENSON, Robert Mills, M.D. & Mrs. Allene Gwin
Served as medical missionaries in Zhenjiang 1910 until her death in 1911. In 1910 they were assigned to the new station at Taichow; however these plans fell apart when Mrs. Stephenson died in Zhenjiang. G.T. Brown, 183. Crane, 69, 459. Price, 163, 170.
CRENSHAW, Rev. John Crawford & Mrs. May Craig Moffett, R.N.
Feb. 26, 1884 - Jan. 14, 1954)
Served in Zhenjiang, he as evangelistic missionary, she in nursing, 1911 until evacuated in 1927. He was born in Dermott, Ark. Feb. 26, 1884. Graduated Centre College 1906, Louisville Seminary, 1910. Licensed and ordained by Pine Bluff Presbytery in 1910. He married May Moffett, Lebanon, KY, Dec. 21, 1910. (She was born in Stanford, KY, Oct. 28, 1887. She was the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. A.S. Moffett, PCUS missionaries to China, and was one of six of their children who served in China. She graduated from Bellwood Seminary, Anchorage, KY, and Elizabeth’s Hospital, Lebanon, KY for nurse’s training, 1910.) They were appointed to service in China in 1911, where they served in Zhenjiang until evacuated in 1927 during the Chinese civil war. In addition to his evangelistic work, Crenshaw was active in the Anti-opium Campaign. He served as pastor of Second Church, Huntington, WVa, 1928-1934; Cornelia, GA churches 1936-1939; Hodges and Ninety-Six churches in SC Presbytery, 1939-1948; Greensboro, GA church, 1948-1954. He was stated clerk of Athens Presbytery, 1938-1939. He died Jan. 14, 1954. Scott (1941), 156; (1951), 148; (1967), 122. Price, 93f.
McCUTCHAN, Miss Mada Isabel
(Nov. 27, 1883 - )
Served as educational missionary in Suqien 1911-1948. Born Nov. 27, 1883, one of three siblings who served in China. Graduated Synodical College 1904, took one year at Mary Baldwin Seminary, then taught for five years. Appointed in 1910 for mission service in China, she sailed for China Sept. 18, 1911, arriving at Suqien Oct. 23. On account of the 1911 Revolution, missionaries were ordered out of Suqien; she spent first winter in Shanghai in language study. Began work in the Girls’ High School in Suqien with Mrs. Junkin, and in 1913, took charge of the school. Price, 95f.
McMULLEN, Rev. Robert Johnston, D.D. (1884-1962) & Mrs. Emma Hadassah Moffett. Served in higher education in Hangchow 1911-1942. He was born in Blackstock, SC May 18, 1884. Graduated Centre College, 1905 (awarded him a D.D. in 1920); served as assistant principal of Stanford, KY high school, 1905-1906; graduated Louisville Seminary 1909. Licensed and ordained by West Lexington Presbytery, Apr. 7, 1909. Represented the Forward Movement and the Executive Committee of Foreign Missions 1909-1911. Married Emma Moffett , Lebanon KY June 8, 1910. (She was born in Stanford, KY Mar. 3, 1883, one of six siblings who served in China. Graduated Lewisburg Seminary, Lewisburg, WVa, then taught school for five years.) They were appointed to China in 1911. He served as an evangelistic missionary in Hangchow 1911-1932; in addition to his rural evangelistic work, he was largely influential in building the Stuart Memorial Church. He became professor at Hangchow Christian College 1932-1938, and president there 1938-1942. During the Japanese occupation in the late 1930s, Hangchow Christian College moved to the International Settlement of Shanghai, as did several other schools. Returning to the US in 1942 on the repatriation ship Gripsholm, he became president of Centre College in Kentucky, 1944-1946; then Executive Secretary of the United Board for Christian Colleges in China, residing in New York 1946-1952. He served as temporary supply at First Church, Chapel Hill, NC 1953-1953. Honorably retired in 1953, he died Dec. 26, 1962. G.T. Brown, 242, 247, 277. Scott (1941), 483; (1951), 459; (1967), 372. Price, 94f.
MOONEY, James Potter, M.D. & Mrs. Annie B. Wilkinson. Served as medical missionaries in Soochow, he 1911-1915, she 1911 until her death in 1912. She was the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J.R. Wilkinson. He was connected with the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow. Price, 162, 170.
SMITH, Rev. Cecil Hiawatha (1881-1964). Served as evangelistic missionary in Yencheng 1911 until evacuated in 1941. His first wife Millie S. Beard served in Soochow and Yencheng 1914 until her death in 1919. His second wife Minna R. Amis served in Nanking and Yencheng 1920-1941. He was born in Claiborne, Miss. Feb. 26, 1881. Graduated University of Texas in 1903. In business in Carbon, TX 1903-1909. Graduated Austin Seminary 1911. Ordained July 12, 1911. Appointed to China in 1911, arriving in Nanking during the 1912 Revolution. The first years of his missionary life were spent at Changchow, where he had to live alone. When the Mission decided not to keep missionaries at that station, he was moved to Yencheng. Married Millie Beard in Changchow March 23, 1916. (She was from Harrisonburg, VA and was a PCUS missionary in Soochow, where she was the Principal of the George C. Smith Girls’ School. She died in 1919 while on furlough.) He married Minna Reid Amis July 13, 1923 on a British ship in Chinese waters. (She was born June 22, 1894, in Springdale, KY. Studied at Texas Presbyterian College for four years. Taught in Newport and Batesville, Ark. Studied at Assembly’s Training School in Richmond for one year. Sailed for China in fall 1920. Began language study in Nanking, but after 18 months had a breakdown and for a year was unable to work.) They were evacuated from Yencheng during Chinese civil war in 1927; he served as pastor of Oak Lawn Church, Houston, TX during 1928. They returned to China in 1929 and served there until 1941, when they were evacuated again as the Japanese advanced in China. He served as pastor of the Community Church, Iago, TX 1942-1945; Second Church, Palestine, TX 1945-1946; First Church, Clifton, TX 1946-1947; and Alvin TX 1947, where he retired in 1948. He died April 26, 1964. Scott (1941), 658; (1951), 627; (1967), 512. Price, 97, 131, 172f.
WATKINS, Miss Mildred Cabell. Served as teacher of missionary children in Jiaxing and Shanghai 1911 until her death in 1922. She came to China at 50 years of age. In addition to her work with missionary children, she taught at the Kashing Boys’ High School. She was later called to be Bible teacher in the Shanghai American School. Price, 173f.
FARRIOR, Rev. Stacy Conrad (1889-1975) & Mrs. Kitty Caldwell McMullen. Served as educational missionaries in Hangchow , Zhenjiang and Shanghai, he 1912-1949, she 1910-1949. He was born in Rose Hill, NC March 28, 1889. Graduated Davidson College 1912; graduate degree from Columbia University 1921. Appointed to China in 1912as a short-term worker, But decided to remain. He taught at Hangchow Christian College 1912-1917, then at high school in Kashing 1917-1919. Married Kitty McMullen in Kashing June 3, 1919. (She was born in Goldsboro, NC Aug. 20, 1887. Graduated Sayre Institute, Lexington, KY in 1906, then had two years in Pittsburgh Technical College, graduating in Home Economics Department. For two years she was secretary to President of Winthrop College, Rock Hill, SC, during which time she volunteered for China. She went to China in Sept. 1910, and was assigned to Tunghsiang.) He served as principal of high school in Zhenjiang 1919-1928. During his six-month illness in the Peking Hospital, Mrs. Farrior tok responsibility for the high school. He was lay evangelist in Zhenjiang 1928-1933. Graduated Princeton Seminary 1934. Licensed by Wilmington Presbytery in Oct. 1933, ordained in Nov. 1934. Returned to Zhenjiang 1935, where they served until 1942. They were interned by the Japanese during WW II, and repatriated to the US in Dec. 1943. They returned to China in March 1946, where he served in Shanghai as treasurer of the China Mission until 1948. Returning to the US on health furlough, he served as temporary supply in Jonesboro, NC 1949-1950; associate pastor First Church, Concord, NC 1950-1951; organizer and first pastor of Covenant Church, Concord, NC 1951-1959. He was honorably retired in July 1959. He died Oct. 24, 1975. Scott (1941), 216; (1951), 207; (1967), 171; (1975), 195. Price, 89f., 98.
HARNSBERGER, Rev. Thomas Lyttleton (1883-1970). Served as evangelistic missionary in Taichow and Yencheng 1912 until evacuated in 1941. His first wife Lanie Gillespie served 1912 until her death in 1917. His second wife Agnes Lacy Woods served as an educational missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu and then in Taichow 1914-1942. He was born in Hot Springs, VA Apr. 14, 1883. Studied at Hampden-Sydney College 1901-1905. Worked as farmer and merchant before studying at Union Seminary in Virginia 1908-1911. Licensed April 10, ordained July 1911 by Lexington Presbytery. Served as evangelist in Horton and Harmon, WVa 1911-1912. Married Lanie Gillespie in 1912. They were appointed to China in 1912; she died in 1917 and is buried in Chinkiang.. He served in Taichow 1912-1933, taking responsibility for all the outstation work in the Taichow field. Married Agnes Woods of Tsing Kiang Pu on Nov. 5, 1919 in Shanghai. (She was born in Shanghai Dec. 17, 1894, the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. James B. Woods. She graduated Mary Baldwin Seminary in 1914. She went to China Dec. 1914.) During 1927-1929, he served as pastor of the Howard Memorial Church, Tarboro, NC. Transferred to Yengcheng in 1934, where they served until evacuation in 1942. Served as pastor of First Church, Brunswick, GA 1941-1947; visitation minister at Riverside Church, Jacksonville, FL May-Oct. 1947; stated supply First Church, Statesboro, GA 1948-1952. He was honorably retired Apr. 23, 1952. Died Nov. 26, 1970. Scott (1941), 291; (1951), 281; (1967), 228; (1975), 258. Price, 98f., 101, 172.
WELLS, Miss Lillian Crowell. Served as evangelistic missionary in Huaian 1912-1949. She was born near Morristown, TN May 21, 1885. Graduated Flora Macdonald College in 1908, taught in a country school for a year, then attended Bible Teachers’ Training School in New York, graduating in 1911. Went to China in 1912 and was assigned to the North Kiangsu Mission. She did evangelistic work in city and country; for two years was in charge of the Girls’ School in Huaian. Following World War II, she served in Huaian alone, teaching and working with women. G.T. Brown, 290. Price, 97f.
WILSON, Mr. James Morrison & Mrs. Martha Cecil. Served in higher education in Hangchow 1912-1925. He was born in Bloomfield, KY in 1885. Graduated from Engineering Department of Kentucky State University in 1908. He married Martha Cecil in 1912. (She was born in Louisville, KY in 1881. Attended Wellesley College. During a period of church and settlement work and teaching, she became engaged to J.M. Wilson.) After several years of practical experience, he volunteered for missionary service and was appointed to Hangchow Christian College in Oct. 1912. He taught physics and mathematics and had general supervision of buildings and grounds, including the building of a new College Chapel. Also had a part in the designing and construction of more than 60 buildings away from the college. His work was sought after by other missions. Retired from mission work in 1925 and became a partner in an Architect’s Bureau in Shanghai, which independently became available for construction work of all Missions. Price, 99.
CRAWFORD, Francis Randolph, M.D. & Mrs. Martha Paxton Moffett. Served as medical missionaries in Jiangyin and Jiaxing, he 1914-1932, she 1916-1932. He was born in Kernstown, VA Aug. 21, 1884. He graduated from Washington and Lee University in 1906, taught one year, and then received his M.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1911, with post-graduate training in both the U.S. and Germany. He arrived in China in April 1914. He married Miss Paxton Moffett in Soochow on May 17, 1917. (She was born in Midway, KY on Jan. 15, 1891. Six of Mrs. Crawford’s family were missionaries in China. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman’s College, Lynchburg, VA in 1912. Taught mathematics at Palmer College, DeFuniak Springs, FL 1912-1916. In 1916, she volunteered for China, and was assigned to the George C. Smith Girls’ School at Soochow.) After three and half years in Jiangyin Hospital, he was appointed to Kashing Hospital; a surgeon, he became director of the Jiaxing Hospital in 1917 upon the departure of Drs. Venable and Hutcheson. Mrs. Moffett did evangelistic work among women patients, and taught Bible and English in the Nurses’ Training School. Crane, 42, 44, 45, 456. Price, 100, 111.
NESBIT, Miss Sade A. Served in administration in Jiaxing and Jiangyin 1914-1929. She was born near Lowry City, MO July 2, 1871. Graduated Synodical College, Fulton, MO 1890, then was in banking until 1910. She had four years experience in Home Mission work, serving as principal of Oklahoma Presbyterian College for Girls at Durant. She received her appointment to mission service in April 1914. She served in Kashing 1914-1920, Soochow 1920-1921, and Jiangyin 1920-1929. She took responsibility for financial and business needs of various stations, and helped to train Chinese accountants. Price, 100f.
GHISELIN, Rev. Charles Jr. Served as evangelistic missionary in Taichow 1917-1927. Born in Shepherdstown, WVa, Oct. 24, 1892. Graduated Washington & Lee University 1912, Princeton University, and Princeton Seminary 1915. Ordained in 1915 by Brownwood Presbytery. Served as stated supply in Ballinger, TX 1916. Appointed to China in 1916, he served in Taichow 1917 until his resignation in 1927. He took charge of the Presbyterian High School in Taichow. After being without charge in New York City 1927-1933, he was divested of office at his own request without censure by Brownwood Presbytery, Oct. 18, 1933. Scott, 246. Price, 111.
HEWETT, Julius Winch, M.D. & Mrs. Dorothy Hope Conyers. He was born in 1867 in London, England. She was born Aug. 13, 1883 in London. They served as PCUS medical missionaries in Yencheng 1915-1927. An Englishman, he had been a missionary for twenty years with the China Inland Mission before responding to a special request from PCUS to establish the medical program in Yencheng. Funds for the Yencheng Gospel Hospital were raised by the children of the PCUS on Children’s Day 1914; construction began in 1916. Dr. Hewett served in Yencheng for ten years until 1927. During the 1927 upheaval, soldiers occupied and thoroughly vandalized the Yencheng Hospital. The Hewetts returned to the U.S. in 1926. Crane, 69, 457. Price, 103ff.
McCAIN, Miss Elizabeth Irene. Served as educational missionary in Soochow 1915 until her death in 1922. From Due West, SC, she came to Soochow to work in the George C. Smith Girls’ School. After six years of service, she died while home on furlough. Price, 173.
McMULLEN, Miss Nettie Johnston. Served as evangelistic missionary in Hangchow and Suchow 1915-1928. She was born in Goldsboro, NC. Studied at Presbyterian College, Charlotte, NC. Taught for two years in Winona, Miss. Studied at Bible Teachers’ Training School, New York. Went to China Mar. 4, 1915. Did evangelistic work in country districts of Hangchow Station. Had her own boat on which she lived a good part of the time, going from village to village. She was transferred to Suchow Station in 1926. Price, 101f.
MILLER, Samuel Houston, M.D. Served as medical missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu 1915 until his death in 1916. Most missionary physicians were overworked and many suffered burnout. Suicide claimed the life of Dr. Miller in May, 1916. Crane, 16, 458. Price, 171.
NICKLES, Miss Florence Eugenia. Served in evangelism and theological education in Jiaxing and Nanking 1915-1950. She was born in Due West, SC in 1887. Graduated from Woman’s College of South Carolina, Columbia, SC in 1909. She taught for several years in public schools. Attended Biblical Seminary in New York 1913-1915. Appointed to China, she sailed on Sept. 19, 1915. Assigned to Jiaxing, she entered in country evangelistic work, but was especially interested in the girls’ schools. Requested by the Woman’s Bible Training School in Nanking to come to teach at that institution, she took up the work of training young women as Bible Women, teachers and workers in other forms of Christian service. She was the only PCUS representative in that institution. Price, 107.
PRICE, Robert Black, M.D. & Mrs. Sarah Neal Armistead. Served as medical missionaries in Taichow 1915 until evacuated in 1941. He was born in Hinds County, Miss. Oct. 21, 1881. Graduated Southwestern Presbyterian University, Clarksville, TN 1901, and Vanderbilt University Medical School in 1906. He took one year internship in Mississippi Charity Hospital, Vicksburg, Miss. Married Sarah Armistead of Jackson, Miss. in June 1908. They were appointed to China in 1915. After a year’s language study in Nanking, in 1916 they were assigned to the newly opened Taichow station where they served until World War II intervened. The Chinese in Taichow remember Dr. Price as the unfortunate doctor who had six daughters, all but one born in Taichow. He built the 60-bed Sara Walkup Hospital in 1922, with funds provided in memory of his mother by William Henry Belk of the Belk Department Stores of North Carolina. He served as superintendent of the hospital. A three-story building was added in 1930, and a one-story building housing tuberculosis patients. In 1927 the hospital in Taichow changed flags six times during the Chinese civil war. It did not close during the Japanese occupation in 1938, and the missionary presence continued through 1941. Crane, 66-67, 458. Price, 105f.
WOODS, Miss Lily Underwood. Served as educational missionary in Huaian 1915-1936. She was born Aug. 27, 1894 in Shanghai, the daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Henry M. Woods. Returned to U.S. in 1908 to enter school; graduated from Mary Baldwin Seminary in 1914. Went back to China in 1915, assigned to Huaian. In 1920 opened Hwaian Girls’ School. Price, 102f.
BELL, L. Nelson, M.D. & Mrs. Virginia Leftwich. Served as medical missionaries in Tsing-Kiang-pu 1916 until evacuated in 1948. He was born in Longdale, VA in 1894. Attended Washington and Lee University. Graduating from the Medical College of Virginia in 1916, he answered an emergency request to provide relief for Dr. James Woods. He married Virginia Leftwich of Waynesboro, VA in June 1916. (She was born in Richmond, VA in 1892. She was educated at St. Luke’s Hospital and Assembly’s Training School in Richmond.) In the same year Dr. & Mrs. Bell arrived at the “Love and Mercy Hospital”, joining Dr. Woods. Both doctors had strong personalities; their ideas sometimes clashed but they were able to work together in harmony. Together they contributed to the control of the fatal-if-untreated disease kala-azar, a parasitic disease. Mrs. Bell took an active role in the work of the hospital, serving as superintendent of the Woman’s Clinic. During his furlough years, Dr. Bell strongly supported conservative causes in the PCUS, speaking out about liberal views appearing on the mission field. After returning to the U.S. in 1948, Dr. Bell became a member of the PCUS Board of World Missions, chairing its Far East Committee. Dr. Bell was instrumental in the founding of the Medical Benevolence Foundation in 1962, along with Dr. Paul Crane of Korea. In 1964 he led a survey team to make recommendation for the future of the medical program in Korea. In 1972, Dr. Bell was elected moderator of the PCUS General Assembly. He died shortly thereafter. G.T. Brown, 233, 254, 272, 306. Crane, 10, 19, 53-57, 160-161, 405, 455. Thompson, Vol. III, 316, 321, 324. Price, 112f.
GRAHAM, Miss Sophie Peck. Served as educational missionary in Hangchow and Haichow 1916-1943. She was born at Tsing-kiang-pu, China in 1894, the daughter of PCUS missionaries Rev. and Mrs. James R. Graham. She attended Virginia State Normal, Peabody Conservatory, and the Assembly’s Training School. Taught music in the Union Girls’ School, Hangchow during her first term. Returning to China, she taught in a small girls’ School in Haichow. Price, 110f.
McLAUCHLIN, Rev. Wilfred Campbell (1887-1970) & Mrs. Elizabeth Wilson. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Suqian and Haichow 1916-1949. He was born in Wadesboro, NC Dec. 23, 1887. Graduated Davidson College 1907. Served as high school principal in Darlington, SC 1907-1908. Worked in insurance business 1908-1909. Graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1912, continuing study with Hoge Fellowship 1912-1913. Licensed and ordained in 1912 by Mecklenburg Presbytery. Traveled in the interest of foreign missions with residence in Wadesboro, NC, 1913-1916. Married Elizabeth Wilson in Richmond, VA May 13, 1914. (She was born in Richmond, VA in 1887. Graduated Westminster School for Girls, then studied at Union Seminary in Virginia. Appointed to China at age 19.) Appointed to China in 1916, they served in Suqian 1916-1920, and in Haichow 1920-1941. When World II prevented their return, they resided in Richmond, VA 1941-1942; served as stated supply in Burlington, NC 1943-1945. They returned to China in 1945, working there until 1949. Evacuating to Japan, they worked among the Chinese in Kobe 1950-1961. Returning to the US in 1961, he served as stated supply at Eastminister Church, Charlotte, NC 1961-1964; Immanuel Church, China Grove, NC 1964-1970. He died July 29, 1970. Scott (1941), 475; (1951), 452; (1967), 368; (1975), 421. Price, 109
SYKES, Miss Anna (Bryars). Served as educational missionary in Shanghai 1916 until her marriage to PCUSA missionary Mr. James H. Bryars in 1919. Price, 163.
WILLIAMS, Miss Carrie Knox, R.N. Served in nursing in Suqian 1916-1918. Crane, 60, 465. Price, 164.
LANCASTER, Rev. Lewis Holladay (1891-1975) & Mrs. Eliza Aiken Neville. Served as evangelistic and educational missionaries in Suchow, Nanking, Taichow and Chinkiang, he 1916-1950, she 1917-1950. He was born in Soochow, China Jan. 16, 1891, of PCUS missionary parents Rev. & Mrs. Richard Lancaster. Graduated Hampden-Sydney College 1909, and after teaching in McComb, Miss. 1909-1912, graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1915. Licensed and ordained by East Hanover Presbytery in May 1915. Taught at Hampden-Sydney College 1915-1916. Appointed to China in 1916, he served in Suchow 1916-1921. He married Eliza Neville of Clinton, SC July 19, 1918. (She was born in Frankfort, KY Nov. 6, 1892. She graduated Presbyterian College of South Carolina in 1912. Taught school for four years, then spent the year 1916-1917 at Biblical Seminary, New York. She was appointed as an educational missionary to China in spring 1917. She served in the Girls’ School in Suchow.) After serving in evangelistic work in Suchow, he taught at Nanking Theological Seminary 1921-1927. After serving as assistant pastor at First Church Nashville, TN 1927-1929, they returned to China in 1929 and served in evangelistic work in Suchow 1929-1933, then in Taichow 1933-1937. After serving as stated supply in Talladega, AL 1937-1938, they returned to evangelistic work in Taichow 1939-1941. Returning to the US, he served as stated supply in Sumter, SC 1942-1945. They returned to evangelistic work in Chinkiang 1946-1950. He joined the staff of the PCUS Board of World Missions in 1950, serving until his retirement in June 1961. He died Apr. 27, 1975. Scott (1941), 388; (1951), 370; (1967); 307; (1975), 351. Price, 112, 114.
YOUNG, Mason Pressly, M.D. & Mrs. Louise Ochler. Served as medical missionaries in Soochow and Jiaxing 1915-1949. He was born in Due West, SC June 26, 1887. He graduated Erskine College in 1906, spent three years teaching in Assiut College, Egypt, graduated Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia in 1913, and took two years’ advanced training at the Episcopal Hospital in Philadelphia. He was appointed as a missionary to China in Oct. 1915, and sailed Feb. 4, 1916. On his trip to China, he met a fellow PCUS missionary Miss Louise Oehler, who was under appointment to Haichow. They were married two months later. (She was born in Aiken, SC, graduated the University of Texas, then taught one year.) After language study, he was appointed director of the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow. The 160-bed hospital (100 beds psychiatric) had a staff of four PCUS missionaries, physicians Young and Felix Welton, Lucy Grier, R.N., and Ruby Satterfield, treasurer. Mrs. Young taught English and Bible in the nurses’ training school. In 1937 as the Japanese army approached the city, 500 wounded were received in one day from the aerial bombardment. When the city fell, the hospital was looted and destroyed. Dr. Young took responsibility for the 45 inmates in the mental wards, shepherding them to safety. Since the hospital had been destroyed, Dr. Young later operated five clinics throughout the city. They were evacuated following the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Dec. 1941. Following World War II, they were among the first PCUS missionaries to return to China. Dr. Young accepted assignment to Jiaxing to develop a teaching hospital for the mid-China area, where they served until early 1949. G.T. Brown, 273, 277, 290. Crane, 36-37, 39-40, 45-46, 460. Price, 108.
FARMER, Mrs. Nancy Smith, R.N. Served in nursing in Soochow 1917-1918. She went as a nurse to the Elizabeth Blake Hospital, Soochow, but had to return to the U.S. for health reasons. Price, 160.
HOPKINS, Rev. Martin Armstrong & Mrs. Bessie Atkinson. Served in theological education and evangelism in Zhenjiang and Tengchien 1917 until evacuated in 1951. He was born in Nashville, TN Oct. 23, 1889. Graduated Southwestern University in 1912, Union Seminary in Virginia 1915. Married Bessie Atkinson of Clarksville, TN Aug. 4, 1915. (She was born in Clarksville, TN in 1888.) He was licensed and ordained by Upper Missouri Presbytery Oct. 17, 1915. Served as pastor of Second Church, St. Joseph, MO 1915-1917. Appointed to China in 1917, he served as principal of the Boys’ High School in Zhenkiang, 1919-1921; evangelist in Sutsien 1921-1929; professor at North China Theological Seminary in Tengchien 1927-1941. He received a ThM from Princeton Seminary in 1926. They were interned by the Japanese in December 1941, and repatriated in June 1942. They did war relief work in China in 1944; taught at the Spiritual Training Seminary in Chungking in 1945; and at the North China Theological Seminary 1945-1950. Returning to America in 1951, he was honorably retired in 1952. He died March 6, 1964. He was the author of Old Testament Biblical Theology (textbook in Chinese), (1934); The Open Door in China (1937); Chinese commentaries on I Corinthians (1937), Revelation (1941), and Proverbs (1947). Scott (1941), 328; (1951), 313; (1967), 255. Price, 117f.
LEE, Miss Caroline Virginia. Served as educational missionary in Jiangyin 1917-1927. She was born in Holliday’s Cove, WVa in 1869. Graduated Peabody Normal College, Nashville TN. Appointed in 1917, she taught at the James Sprunt Academy in Jiangyin. Her term of service expired in 1927. She later taught in the Philippines. Price, 120.
MONTGOMERY, Rev. James Nelson (1887-1964) & Mrs. Aurie Hollingsworth Lancaster. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Huaian and Shanghai 1917-1949. He was born in Birmingham, AL July 29, 1887. Graduated Washington & Lee University, and did post graduate work in that Law School. Served as YMCA secretary at W&LU for one year, then traveled for the YMCA student department 1909-1911. Graduating Columbia Seminary in 1916 and receiving MA from University of South Carolina in the same year, he was ordained by Lexington Presbytery. Served as assistant pastor in Lexington, VA 1916-1917. Married Aurie Lancaster, Columbia, SC July 14, 1917. (She was born in Gainesville, FL on Aug. 28, 1895. Received her BA degree from the College for Women, Columbia, SC and a BS in Religious Education from Teacher’s College, New York. Taught for one year in Primary Department of Kentucky College for Women.) They were appointed to China in 1917 and served in Huaian 1917-1942, where he did evangelistic outreach and church planting in the large southern Huaian field. Returning to the US, he served as home missions field superintendent for New Orleans Presbytery, 1943-1946. Returning to China in 1947, he served as secretary of the China Sunday School Union in Shanghai, 1947-1949. Honorably retired in 1960, he died Apr. 10, 1964. Four of the Montgomery children have served as missionaries, in China-Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and Congo. Scott (1941), 509 ; (1951), 485; (1967), 391. Price, 118ff.
REAVES, Rev. Henry Lide (1890-1972) & Mrs. Claudia Louise Brown. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Soochow 1917-1936. He was born in Alcolu, SC. Sept. 29, 1890. Graduated Davidson College 1911, worked as a farmer for one year, then attended the University of South Carolina and graduated Columbia Seminary 1916. Licensed and ordained by Harmony Presbytery in 1916, he was stated supply at the Brewington group of churches in that presbytery. Appointed to service in China in 1917, he married Claudia Brown of Marion, SC on Aug. 30, 1918 in Kobe, Japan. (She was born Sept. 28, 1894 in Marion County, SC. Graduated Winthrop College in 1915. She taught school for three years before going to meet her betrothed in Japan.) They served in Soochow until 1936, though during the Chinese civil war, he was stated supply of the Alpine church group in Cherokee Presbytery, 1927-1928. Returning to the US in 1936, he served as pastor of the Andres church group in Harmony Presbytery 1936-1937; the Shiloh Church in Grover, NC 1938-1940; assistant pastor of the Caldwell Memorial Church in Charlotte, 1940; stated supply of the Commonwealth Church, Charlotte, 1941-1942; city missionary in Charlotte 1942-1943; US Army chaplain 1943-1945; home missionary for Synod of Tennessee, 1946-1948; pastor of Grace Church, Gainesville, FL 1948-1953; pastor of Hopewell and Bethesda Churches, Florence, SC 1953-1959; pastor of Tabor City and Brunswick NC churches, 1959-1962; stated supply Morton Church, Hartsville, SC 1962-1965. He was honorably retired in October 1965. He died Feb. 22, 1972. Scott (1941), 598; (1951), 569; (1967), 463; (1975), 528. Price, 113f.
STRIBLING, Miss Frances
(Dec. 15, 1890 - Jan. 7, 1962)
Frances Stribling (shown right c. 1917) served as educational missionary in Hangchow 1917-1951. She was born on Dec. 15, 1890 in Walhalla, SC. Graduated Winthrop College in 1910, Biblical Seminary, New York 1916. Appointed to China in the summer of 1917, after language study she filled a special need in the Union Girls’ School at Hangchow. She developed the Primary Normal Department for training teachers. Price, 115. Frances Stribling was reassigned in 1953 to Taiwan. There she engaged in both evangelistic work and teaching at the Presbyterian Bible School, Hsin Chu. She served a full term, came back to the U.S. for furlough, and then served part of a second term, dying in Taiwan on January 7, 1962. She is buried in the Canadian Cemetery in Tamsui.
A linen map of the Biblical Lands, written in both English and Chinese, was used by Miss Stribling in her teaching. This handmade map (photo to come) has been donated to the Presbyterian Heritage Center at Montreat in honor of Stribling's nephew and wife the Rev. J. Norman Dendy and Margaret Leonard Dendy by their niece Mary Eleanor Dendy Mockridge.
TAYLOR, Rev. Hugh Kerr, D.D. & Mrs. Fanny Bland Graham
Served as evangelistic missionaries in Tsing-kiang-pu 1917 until her death in 1933. He was born in Greenville, SC, June 18, 1891. Graduated Erskine College 1911, Union Seminary in Virginia 1916. Licensed by East Hanover Presbytery May 1916, ordained by Ebenezer Presbytery July 1916. Pastor of Central Church, Maysville, KY 1916. Married Fanny Bland Graham, Lexington, VA Dec. 20, 1916. They were appointed to China in 1917, where they served in Tsing-kiang-pu until Mrs. Taylor’s death in 1933. Mr. Taylor was in charge of the Boys’ School, in addition to evangelistic work. He served as pastor of Second Church, Charleston, SC 1933-1935. Appointed Educational Secretary of the PCUS Executive Committee of Foreign Missions in Nashville, TN in 1935, he served there until 1948. Married Margaret Wilson of Anderson, SC Aug. 27, 1940. He served as pastor of First Church, Milledgeville, GA 1949-1953; associate pastor of First Church, Dallas, TX 1953-1959; and staff for the General Assembly Board of Christian Education 1959-1961. Honorably retired in 1961. He died Dec. 4, 1977. Scott (1941),704; (1951), 670; (1967), 547; (1983), 711. Price, 113.
YOUNG, Miss Flora Lois
Served as educational missionary in Suchow 1917 until evacuated in 1941. She was born in Due West, SC Jan. 5, 1890. Studied at Erskine College, Columbia University, and Biblical Seminary, New York. Appointed to China in Jan. 1917. After language study, she became the principal of the Mary Stevens Girls’ High School in Suchow. G.T. Brown, 238. Price, 114.
BISSETT, Miss Mary Stuart, R.N.
Served in nursing in Haichow 1919-1929. Born in Bowling Green, KY. After years of training for kindergarten work, she studied at the Presbyterian Hospital Training School for Nurses of Chicago, then served for two years as nurse in the Dallas Infant Welfare and Milk Station. She arrived in China in April 1919, and was assigned to serve at the Ellen Lavine Graham Hospital in Haichow. Crane, 65, 461. Price, 121.
CURRIE, Miss Mabel Claire
Served as educational missionary in Soochow 1919-1926. She was born in Johns, NC Feb. 26, 1895. Studied at Flora Macdonald College, University of North Carolina and Assembly’s Training School, Richmond. Sailed for China Aug. 14, 1918. Taught at the Girls’ School in Soochow. She resigned in 1926, and in 1927 married Mr. Joseph A. Koffend of New York City. Price, 121f.
GRIER, Miss Isabel. Served as educational missionary in Suchow 1919-1927. She was born on Jan. 12, 1897 in Sutsien, China, the daughter of PCUS missionaries Rev. and Mrs. M.B. Grier. Studied at Erskine College, Due West, SC and Biblical Seminary, New York. Sailed for China July 1919, assigned to Suchow where she had grown up. Worked in the Girls’ School with Miss Lois Young. On return to the U.S. she was married to Mr. Samuel B. Woods, son of Dr. and Mrs. Henry M. Woods of China. They made their home in Charlotte, NC. Price, 121.
BRADLEY, Miss Lina Elizabeth. Served as secretary in Nanking, Soochow and Tsing-Kiang-pu 1920-1942. She was born Apr. 8, 1880 in Bishopville, SC. Her brother Dr. J.W. Bradley was a PCUS medical missionary. Graduated Winthrop College, Rock Hill, SC in 1901. Taught school for four years, then took a business course and for twelve years worked in a lawyer’s office. In 1920, upon the encouragement of Dr. P.F. Price, she applied for mission service in China as secretary. Arriving in China on Oct. 10, 1920, after two years of language study, she served as secretary for the union evangelistic work in Nanking. She also did evangelist work with women and children. Price, 128f.
BRIDGMAN, Rev. Harold Thomas & Mrs. Eleanor Galbraith, R.N. Served as evangelistic & nursing missionaries in Yencheng and Taichow 1920 until evacuated in 1948. He was born in Mattoon, IL May 31, 1894. His great-great-uncle Elijah Bridgman was one of the first American missionaries sent to China under ABCFM. Graduated Citadel 1904, taught high school in Manning, SC 1914-1915, earned MA at Presbyterian College of South Carolina 1916. Principal in Richland, SC 1916-1917. Graduated Union Seminary of Virginia 1920. Licensed by East Hanover Presbytery in April, ordained May 16, 1920. Appointed to China in 1919, he sailed Aug. 26, 1920; on the trip he met Miss Eleanor Galbraith. They were married on Dec. 23, 1920 in China. (She was born in New Brunswick, Canada, Apr. 11, 1896. Graduated the Rhode Island State Hospital, Providence RI in June 1918 as a nurse R.N. She served for one year in the Childrens’ Ward, then attended the Missionary and Deaconess Training School of the Canadian Presbyterian Church, Toronto. She was appointed by the Canadian Church Mission Board to missionary service in Honan, China April 1920.) They served in Yencheng and Taichow from 1920 until 1940 when they were evacuated to America due to Japan-China war. She assisted Dr. Robert Price in the Sara Walkup Hospital in Taichow. He served as stated supply in Highlands, NC 1941-1943; home missionary in West Columbia, SC 1943-1944; mission pastor in Sumter, SC 1944-1947. They returned to Taichow in 1947, but were again evacuated on account of the Communist advance in Dec. 1948. He served as stated supply of the First and Bayou Blue Churches, Houma, LA 1949-1954; pastor of the New Wappetaw Church, McClellanville, SC, 1954-1962. He was honorably retired In June 1962. Scott (1941) 80; (1951), 77; (1967), 65. Crane, 66, 461. Price, 127f.
BUCKINGHAM, Edwin Wheeler, M.D. & Mrs. Bessie Kenniger, R.N. Served as medical missionaries in Jiaxing 1920-1929. He was born in Lynchburg, VA on July 11, 1892. Graduated Washington and Lee University in 1914, then Medical College of Virginia. Entered the navy and was sent to Norfolk, VA, then did transport service between New York and Liverpool. Following that, he went into Bellevue Allied Hospitals for a year. Appointed for service in China, he sailed on Dec. 6, 1920. He wrote the PCUS Board to send out his wife-to-be, Bessie Kenniger, and she arrived two months later. They were married in Shanghai Feb. 28, 1921. (She was born in London, England on June 14, 1897. Moving to Canada, she decided to train for nursing and entered the Bruce County General Hospital in Walkerton, Ontario in 1917, taking the three year nursing course. During six months of training in New York Hospitals, she met Dr. Buckingham who was interning in the same hospital. Appointed in Dec. 1920, she sailed for China Feb. 10, 1921.) After language study in Soochow, they were stationed in Jiaxing. Between 1921 and 1927, Jiaxing Hospital attained the mission’s goal of having two missionary physicians (Drs. Crawford and Buckingham) and two nurses (Mrs. Buckingham and Rubye Mae Diehl). Crane, 45, 456, 461. Price, 131f.
CAMPBELL, Miss Anna. Served as educational missionary in Jiaxing 1920-1923. She went to China for a three-year term of service in the Kashing High School. After her return to the U.S., she was married to Mr. Venable Moore on Sept. 25, 1924. Price, 160.
CURRIE, Rev. Edward Smith, D.D. (1888-1981) & Mrs. Gay Vaughan Wilson. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Haichow 1920-1952. He was born in Pittsboro, NC Sept. 28, 1888. Graduated Davidson College 1912, Union Seminary in Virginia 1917. Licensed by Fayetteville Presbytery in July 1917, ordained by Granville Presbytery August 1917. Assistant pastor First Church Raleigh, NC 1917-1920; served as US Army chaplain in France and Germany Feb. 1918-Oct. 1919. Married Gay Wilson, Richmond, VA June 19, 1918. (She was born in Richmond, VA June 4, 1890. Graduated State Teachers’ College, Fredericksburg, VA in 1913, Assembly’s Training School in 1918.) Appointed to China in 1919, they sailed for China Mar. 4, 1920. They served in Haichow until 1952. In 1931 he found John Walker Vinson’s decapitated body after Vinson had been killed by a band of bandits. He was honorably retired in 1959. Died Feb. 25, 1981. G.T. Brown, 257. Scott (1941), 165; (1951), 157; (1967), 129; (1983), 163. Price, 124f.
DOUGLAS, Rev. Rhodas Clyde (1891-1966) & Mrs. Elizabeth C. Leyburn, R.N. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Jiaxing 1920 until evacuated in 1927. He was born in Pensacola, FL Oct. 3, 1891. Graduated University of Florida 1913, taught school for two years, graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1918. Licensed by East Hanover Presbytery May 8, 1918, ordained by St. Johns Presbytery Nov. 12, 1918. Served as stated supply in Palmetto and Maitland, FL 1918-1919. Appointed to China in 1919, he married Elizabeth Layburn, Ballston, VA Nov. 24, 1919. (She was born at Bear Lithia Springs, VA May 29, 1888. Educated at Valley Seminary, State Normal, and Assembly’s Training School, where she met Mr. Douglas, a student at Union Seminary.) They sailed for China Dec. 18, 1919. They served in Jiaxing until evacuated in 1927 because of Chinese civil war. He took charge of the city evangelistic work connected with the Kashing Christian Institute, teaching also in the business department of the Kashing High School. Earned ThM at Princeton Seminary 1928. Served as pastor of Westminister Church, Jacksonville, FL 1928-1933, stated supply in Mayport, FL (1933), Ballston, VA (1933-1934), Concord, NC (1934-1937), Bonifay, FL (1937-1942), pastor in Citronelle & Jackson, AL (1942-1947), serving as stated clerk of Mobile Presbytery 1946-1947; pastor in Hartwell & Sharon, GA 1947-1948; Frostproof, FL (1948-1950), Union Springs, AL (1950-1956). Honorably retired Dec. 31, 1956, he served as stated supply in Mayport, FL 1957-1966. He died Nov. 24, 1966. Scott (1941), 192; (1951), 184; (1967), 150. Price, 122f.
EVANS, Mr. Edward, Jr. & Mrs. Jean McLachlan. Served in higher education in Hangchow 1920-1927. Nationally a Canadian, he was born in Shanghai, China in 1889; his parents developed a Missionary Home in Shanghai to serve fellow missionaries. He graduated from the University of Toronto. After two years in business, he went to the Shanghai Baptist College as a teacher of mathematics. In June 1917, he went to France as Lieutenant in the British Army. He returned to Toronto University for a year of further study in physics. There he met Jean McLachlan and persuaded her to be his wife and return to China with him. (She was born in Montreal, Canada. Graduated the University of Toronto in 1911. Served for five years as YWCA Secretary in the City Association of Toronto.) Through meeting Mr. J.M. Wilson of Hangchow Christian College, they were persuaded to go to Hangchow College as PCUS missionaries. They arrived in China in Sept. 1920. Mr. Wilson took over the Department of Physics. Hangchow College and Nanking Seminary were the two main institutions to which the PCUS Mission looked for Christian leadership in the Chinese Church. Price, 125f.
FARR, Miss Grace. Served as evangelistic missionary in Taichow 1920-1948. She was born near Jonesville, SC Sept. 19, 1885. Educated at Winthrop College, SC, School of Expression, Boston, and Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. Had three year’s experience in Home Mission work in the mountains of North Carolina. Appointed to China in the spring of 1920 and sailed in October. Assigned to Taichow Station for evangelistic work. Price, 129f.
McCOWN, Miss Mary Wilson. Served as educational missionary in Tsing-kiang-pu 1920-1948. She was born in Rockbridge County, VA Oct. 1, 1894. Attended Harrisonburg State Normal School for two years, taught for four years, then attended Assembly’s Training School for two years. Appointed to China in 1920, she taught at the Girls’ School in Tsing-kiang-pu. Price, 129.
SATTERFIELD, Miss Ruby. Served in administration in Jiaxing and Soochow 1920-1942. She was born in Caswell County, NC Dec. 12, 1890. After one year at Elon College, she attended a business college in Roanoke, VA. Worked with business firms for seven and a half years. Volunteered for China and received her appointment on July 14, 1920, sailing on Oct. 12. She was business secretary and treasurer for the Elizabeth Blake Hospital in Soochow. Crane, 39, 468. Price, 130.
SLOAN, Miss Mary Lee. Served in administration in Suchow 1920 until evacuated in 1941. She was born at Mills Bridge (later China Grove), NC Feb. 25, 1890. After high school, taught in Atlanta public schools for seven years. In 1918 took courses at Massey Business College, Richmond. In June 1918 she was appointed to China to do secretarial work. Sailed on Oct. 12, 1920, and after language study went to Suchow as Station Secretary. She was also a teacher of English n the Mary Thompson Stevens Memorial Girls’ School. Price, 130.
WAYLAND, Rev. John Edwin (1893-1982) & Mrs. Rosa Lee Clark. Served as evangelistic missionaries in Tsiang-kiang-pu 1920-1927. He was born in Waynesboro, VA Sept. 12, 1893. Graduated Washington & Lee University 1914, taught in Clarkton, NC, graduated Union Seminary in Virginia 1918. Married Rosa Lee Clark, Clarkton, NC June 17, 1917. (She was born in Clarkton, NC Feb. 4, 1890. Studied at Presbyterian College, Charlotte, NC and Assembly’s Training School, Richmond.) He was ordained by Lexington Presbytery July 14, 1918. Served as pastor of Finley Memorial Church, Stuart’s Draft, VA 1918-1919. Appointed to China in 1919, they arrived in China Jan. 9, 1920. They served in Tsiang-kiang-pu until 1927, working with long-time friend Dr. L. Nelson Bell. Served as stated supply in Brunswick, GA 1927-1928; assistant pastor, First Church, Stanton, VA 1929-1930; pastor of Salines & Putney Memorial churches in Kansas Presbytery 1930-1944; Hopewell Church, Huntersville, NC 1945-1952; Unity Church, Ft. Mill, SC 1952-1968. He was honorably retired Aug. 31, 1968. He died May 31, 1982. He was the author of Wholesome Truths for Wholehearted Believers; Instructed Unto the Kingdom; Vital Bible Truths; Vital Bible Study. Scott (1941), 756; (1951), 719; (1967), 585; (1975), 674; (1983), 759. Price, 123f.